32 FOCUS W hen it comes to cybersecurity, Shanmugavel Subramaniam is of the opinion that the level of defence afforded to the water industry depends on its level of consideration as a critical infrastructure. “In some countries, water is a part of a critical infrastructure – in one aspect you don’t want its security to be compromised resulting in operational disruption that may lead to losing supply of water. This is the case in Singapore, where the importance in supplying water 24/7 is significant and there is no compromise in any shortage of water, which is deemed as a critical infrastructure. The industry here is trying to figure out how to implement cybersecurity at the operational technology (OT) level, and there’s still a lot of work to be done.” DEFINING INDUSTRY 4.0 Adding on to his statement, Shan said that impact of Industry 4.0 can be broken into three core aspects: People, Assets/Equipment and Operation. “Similarly, in the water utility this transformation takes place with technologies like Industrial Internet of things (IIOT) by making the equipment ‘talk’. Imagine a situation when a vast number of Having spent over 20 years in the Industrial Automation field with 10 years of experience in the water and wastewater industry, Schneider Electric’s segment leader, Shanmugavel Subramaniam, is the person to talk to regarding cybersecurity in the water sector, and what challenges the water industry players must navigate in their drive towards Industry 4.0.